Sree Kanthaswamy

Sree Kanthaswamy

Position Title

Department of Environmental Toxicology, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences
California National Primate Research Center

303 Young Hall

Profile Introduction

My research focuses on primate population genetics and animal forensic genetics. My primate research uses short tandem repeats (STRs) or microsatellites and mtDNA markers to define the genetic and population structures of captive and wild populations of non-human primates. My animal forensics research is based on the analyses of traces of animal blood, saliva and hair collected at crime scenes or from civil cases for DNA-typing. To further animal forensic science and provide educational opportunities for students, my research aims to establish species-specific STRs, SNPs and mtDNA markers for accurate and precise genetic identification and to enhance our population genetics database for each species. I provide expert witness testimony on animal/veterinary forensic DNA analysis and casework review.

Research Interests

My research focuses on primate genetics and forensic DNA analysis. My primate research uses genetic markers to define the population structures of captive and wild populations of non-human primates. I use comparative genomic methods to understand human and non-human primate biology. My forensic science research is based on the analyses of traces of human and animal blood, saliva and hair collected at crime scenes or from civil cases for DNA-typing. My research also focuses on establishing species-specific DNA markers for accurate and precise genetic identification and to enhance our population genetics database for each species. My research activities provide excellent educational opportunities for students. I serve on the Editorial Board of Animal Genetics and I provide expert witness testimony on animal/veterinary forensic DNA analysis and casework review.

Grad Group Affiliations

  • Forensics

Specialties / Focus

  • Animal Genomics
  • Human Genetics and Genomics


  • ETX 20 Introduction to Forensic Science, Winter
  • FOR/ETX 284 Analysis of Non-Human DNA Evidence, Fall
  • BIO 223 Human Genomics/CSUS-UCD Stem Cell Masters Program , Spring


  • Molecular Anthropology Laboratory, Department of Anthropology, Young Hall
    • Jillian NgJessica WeissKelly McCullohGeorge Day
  • Genomics and Genetic Management Laboratory, CNPRC
    • Jodie Usachenko

Field Sites

  • Sarawak, Malaysia

Honors and Awards

  • UC Davis Professional Staff Development Award 2011

    Professional Societies

    • California Association of Crime Laboratory Directors (CACLD) - Affiliate
    • Forensic Science Standing Committee, International Society of Animal Genetics (ISAG)


    • 2001 PhD, (Genetics) University of California, Davis
    • 1993 MPhil, (Population Genetics) University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    • 1990 BSc (Hons), (Genetics) University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


    2014 Publications

    Jillian Ng, Jessica Satkoski Trask, Paul Houghton, David Glenn Smith, Sreetharan Kanthaswamy (in press) Estimates of Linkage Disequilibrium Based on Genome-wide Heterospecific Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in Two Biomedically-relevant Macaque Species. Journal of Medical Primatology.

    Walter A. Perez, Jillian Ng, Robert Oldt, William M. Green, Edward Panacek and Sreetharan Kanthaswamy (in press). Changes in Yield of Contact DNA over time after a Physical Assault. Journal of Forensic Research.

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy and David Glenn Smith (2014). Genetic and Ethnohistoric Evidence Suggest Current Native American Population Datasets in the FBI's CODIS Database are Not Sufficiently Representative. Forensic Science International: Genetics, pp. e13-e15. DOI information: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2014.05.006

    Adrian Mendoza, Jillian Ng, Karen Bales, Sally P. Mendoza, Debra A.George, David Glenn Smith and Sreetharan Kanthaswamy (2014). Population genetics of the California National Primate Research Center’s (CNPRC) captive Callicebus cupreus colony. Primates.DOI 10.1007/s10329-014-0446-y

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy*, Johnson ZP*, Satkoski Trask J, Ramakrishnan R , Smith DG, Ng J, Bahk J, Vallender EJ, Johnson ZP, Wiseman R, Kubisch HM, Rogers J, Ferguson B (2014) Development and validation of a SNP-based assay for inferring the genetic ancestry of rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). American Journal of Primatology. doi: 10.1002/ajp.22290 (*Contributed equally).

    K’Lynn Solt and Sreetharan Kanthaswamy (2014). Development of a DNA-Based Multi-Species Identification and Quantification Assay(NIJ Grant No. 2008-DN-BX-K288 Final Report). National Institute of Justice (NIJ) National Criminal Justice Reference Service.

    David Glenn Smith, Jillian Ng, Jessica Satkoski Trask, Debra A. George, Paul Houghton and Sreetharan Kanthaswamy (2014) A Genetic Comparison of Two Alleged Subspecies of Philippine Cynomolgus Macaques. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 155(1):136-48. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.22564. Epub 2014 Jun 30.

    Nikzad S, Tan SG, Yien CYS, Ng J, Alitheen NB, Khan R, Rovie-Ryan JJ, Khajeaian P, Sreetharan Kanthaswamy (2014). Genetic diversity and population structure of long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis) populations in Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Medical Primatology. DOI: 10.1111/jmp.12130.

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Rachel Reader, Ross Tarara, Karen Oslund, Mark Allen, Jillian Ng, Chloe Grinberg, Dallas Hyde, David Glenn Smith, and Nicholas Lerche (2014). Large scale pedigree analysis leads to evidence for founder effects of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta), Journal of Medical Primatology. DOI: 10.1111/jmp.12127.

    M. Kamrul Hasan, M. Mostafa Feeroz, Lisa Jones-Engel, Gregory A. Engel,Sreetharan Kanthaswamy and David Glenn Smith (2014). Diversity and Molecular Phylogeny of Mitochondrial DNA of Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta) in Bangladesh. American Journal of Primatology. DOI: 10.1002/ajp.22296.

    Marilyn A. Menotti-Raymond, Victor A. David, Stephen J. O’Brien, Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Petar Projić, Vedrana Škaro, Gordan Lauc, and Adrian Linacre (2014). Forensic Animal DNA Analysis. In: Forensic DNA Applications: An Interdisciplinary Perspective, Primorac, D. and Schanfield, M. CRC Press, USA.

    2013 Publications

    CT Ross, JA Weise, D Nolin, JS Trask, DG Smith, J Ng, B Ferguson, J Ha , H M Kubisch, A Vinson, Sreetharan Kanthaswamy (2013). An Empirical Comparison of Short Tandem Repeats (STRs) and Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) for Relatedness Estimation in Chinese Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta). American Journal of Primatology. DOI: 10.1002/ajp.22235.

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Hanie A Elfenbein, Amir Ardeshir, Jillian Ng, Dallas Hyde, David Glenn Smith, Nicholas Lerche (2013). Familial aggregation of chronic diarrhea disease (CDD) in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). American Journal of Primatology. DOI: 10.1002/ajp.22230.

    Michael Sandoval, Edward Panacek , Jillian Ng, William Green, Sreetharan Kanthaswamy (2013). Yield of Male Contact DNA Evidence in an Assault Simulation Model. Journal of Forensic Research. Doi: 10.4172/2157-7145.T1-002.

    Sethi V, Panacek EA, Green WM, Jillian N, Sreetharan Kanthaswamy (2013) Yield of Male Touch DNA from Fabrics in an Assault Model. Journal of Forensic Research. Doi:10.4172/2157-7145.T1-001.

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Jillian Ng, Jessica Satkoski, Debra A. George, Alexander J. Kou, Lindsay N. Hoffman, Theodore B. Doherty, Paul Houghton, David Glenn Smith (2013). The genetic composition of cynomolgus macaque (Macaca fascicularis) populations used in biomedical research. Journal of Medical Primatology. doi:10.1111/jmp.12043

    Johnson, C.E., Trask, J.S., Premasuthan, A., and Sreetharan Kanthaswamy (2013) Species Identification of Cannabis sativa seeds using Real-Time Quantitative PCR (qPCR). Journal of Forensic Science. 58(2): 486-490. doi: 10.1111/1556-4029.12055 [One of the United Nations Office on Drug and Crimes (UNODC) Selected Articles on the Analysis of Drugs of Abuse in Seized Materials (January - June 2013)]

    Satkoski Trask J, Smith DG, Garnica WT, Houghton P, Lerche N, Sreetharan Kanthaswamy (2013). Single nucleotide polymorphisms reveal patterns of allele sharing across the species boundary between rhesus (Macaca mulatta) and cynomolgus (M. fascicularis) macaques. American Journal of Primatology, 75:135–144.

    Satkoski Trask J, George D, Houghton P, Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Smith DG (2013) Population and Landscape Genetics of an Introduced Species (M. fascicularis) on the Island of Mauritius. PLoS ONE 8(1): e53001. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0053001.

    Jiang, J., Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, and Capitanio, J. (2013) Degree of Chinese ancestry affects behavioral characteristics of infant rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). J Med Primatol doi:10.1111/jmp.12026.

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Jillian Ng, Cody Ross, Jessica Trask, Vince Buffalo, David G Smith, Joseph N. Fass, Dawei Lin (2013). Identifying and cataloguing human-rhesus macaque gene orthologs using heterospecific SNPs. Genomics, Volume 101(1), 30–37.

    2012 Publications

    Jillian Ng, Jessica Satkoski, Amritha Premasuthan, Sreetharan Kanthaswamy (2012). A Nuclear DNA-Based Species Determination and DNA Quantification Assay for Common Poultry Species. Journal of Food Science and Technology. doi 10.1007/s13197-012-0893-7.

    Premasuthan, A., Ng, J., Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Trask, J. S., Houghton, P., Farkas, T., Sestak, K. and Smith, D. G. (2012), Molecular ABO phenotyping in cynomolgus macaques using real-time quantitative PCR. Tissue Antigens, 80: 363–367. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-0039.2012.01935.x

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Jillian Ng, Maria Cecilia Torres Penedo, Thea Ward, David Glenn Smith, James C. Ha (2012). Population genetics of the Washington National Primate Research Center’s (WaNPRC) captive pigtailed macaque (Macaca nemestrina) population. American Journal of Primatology. 00:1–11.

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Satkoski Trask, J., Ross, C.T., Kou A., Houghton, P. Smith D.G., Lerche, N. (2012) A large-scale SNP-based genomic admixture analysis of the captive rhesus macaque colony at the California National Primate Research Center. American Journal of Primatology. 74: 747 – 757.

    Jillian Ng, Jessica Satkoski, Amritha Premasuthan, Sreetharan Kanthaswamy. (2012) A TaqMan® Multiplex Assay for Hoofed Livestock Species Identification and Nuclear DNA Quantification. International Food Research Journal, 19 (3): 1279-1285.

    Taormina P.L., Trask J., Houghton P., Smith, D.G., Sreetharan Kanthaswamy. (2012) CCL3L1 copy number variation (CNV) in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Comparative Medicine, 62(3) 218-224.

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Premasuthan, A. (2012) Quadriplex real-time PCR (qPCR) assay for human-canine-feline species identification and nuclear DNA quantification. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 6 (2012) e97–e98. DOI 10.1016/j.fsigen.2011.09.001.

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Premasuthan, A., Ng, J., Satkoski, J. and Goyal, V. (2012) Quantitative Real-Time PCR (qPCR) Assay for Human-Dog-Cat Species Identification and nuclear DNA. Quantification. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 6 (2012) 290–295. DOI:10.1016/j.fsigen.2011.06.005. DOI:10.1016/j.fsigen.2011.06.005.

    2011 Publications

    Satkoski, J., Garnica, W.T., Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Malhi, R.S., Smith, D.S. (2011). 4040 SNPs for genomic analysis in the rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) Genomics. 98: 352-358. doi:10.1016/j.ygeno.2011.08.004

    J. A. Satkoski, R.S. Malhi, W.T. Garnica, Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, D.G. Smith (2011). High-Throughput SNP Discovery and the Search for Candidate Genes for Long-Term SIVmac Nonprogression in Chinese Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta). Journal of Medical Primatology, 40: 224–232. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0684.2011.00486.x

    R. S. Malhi, J. S. Trask, M. Shattuck, J. Johnson, D. Chakraborty, Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, U. Ramakrishnan, D. G. Smith (2011). Genotyping single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) across species in Old World Monkeys. American Journal of Primatology, 73: 1031–1040, DOI: 10.1002/ajp.20969

    Günther Scharnhorst and Sreetharan Kanthaswamy (2011). An assessment of scientific and technical aspects of closed canine forensics DNA investigations - case series from the University of California, Davis. Croatian Medical Journal. 52 (3): 280-292. DOI:10.3325/cmj.201152.280.

    Barr, A. Premasuthan, A., Satkoski, J., Smith, D.G., George, D. and Sreetharan Kanthaswamy (2011). A Rapid Quantitative Real-time PCR (qPCR)-based DNA Quantification Assay Coupled with Species-determination Capabilities for Two Hybridizing Macaca Species. Folia Primatologica, 82:71-80 DOI: 10.1159/000328124.

    Amritha Premasuthan, Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Jessica Satkoski and David Glenn Smith (2011). A Simple Multiplex PCR to Determine ABO Blood Types of Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta). Tissue Antigens, 77 (6): 584–588, DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-0039.2010.01602.x.

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, P. M. Clarke, A. J. Kou, V. S. Malladi, J. A. Satkoski and D.G. Smith (2011). Association between hybrid status and reproductive success of captive male and female rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) at the California National Primate Research Center (CNPRC). American Journal of Primatology, 73: 1-8.

    Satkoski, J.A., Malhi, R.S., Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Johnson, W. Garnica, J. Malladi, V.S., Smith and D.G. (2011). The effect of SNP discovery method and sample size on estimation of population genetic data for Chinese and Indian rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Primates, 52(2): 129-138, DOI: 10.1007/s10329-010-0232-4.

    2010 Publications

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Kou, A., Smith, D.G. (2010) Population genetic statistics from the rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) in three different housing techniques at the California National Primate Research Center (CNPRC). Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science (AALAS), 49(5) 598 – 609.

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Satkoski, J., Kou, A., Malladi, V., Smith, D.G. (2010). Detecting signatures of inter-regional and inter-specific hybridization among the Chinese rhesus macaque Specific Pathogen-free (SPF) population using single nucleotide polymorphic (SNP) markers. Journal of Medical Primatology, 39: 252–265.

    Smalling, B.B., Satkoski, J.A., Tom, B.K., Szeto, W.Y., Erickson, B.J-A., Spear, T.F., Smith, D.G., Budowle, B., Webb, K.M., Allard, M. and Sreetharan Kanthaswamy (2010). The significance of regional and mixed breed canine mtDNA databases in forensic science. Bentham Open – Open Forensic Science Journal (Special Issue), 3, 22-32. (

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Kou, A., Satkoski, J., Penedo, M.C.T., Ward, T., Ng, J., Gill, L., Lerche, N.W., Smith, D.G. (2010). Genetic Characterization of Specific Pathogen-Free (SPF) Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta) Populations at the California National Primate Research Center (CNPRC). American Journal of Primatology, 72:587–599. DOI 10.1002/ajp.20811.

    Tom, B.K., Koskinen, M.T., Dayton, M.R., Mattila, A-M., Johnston, E., Fantin, D., DeNise, S., Spear, T., Smith, D.G., Satkoski, J., Budowle, B., Sreetharan Kanthaswamy (2010). Development of a Nomenclature System for a Canine STR Multiplex Reagent Kit. Journal of Forensic Science, 55(3) 597-604. DOI 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2010.01361.x.

    2009 Publications

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Capitanio, J.P., Dubay, C.J., Ferguson, B., Folks, T., Ha, J.C., Hotchkiss, C.E., Johnson, Z.P., Katze, M.G., Kean, L.S., Kubisch, H.M., Lank, S., Lyons, L.A., Miller, G.M., Nylander, J., O’Connor, D.H., Palermo, R.E., Smith, D.G., Vallender, E.J., Wiseman, R.W., Rogers, J. (2009). Resources for Genetic Management and Genomics Research on Non-Human Primates at the National Primate Research Centers (NPRCs). Journal of Medical Primatology, 38 (s1): 17 – 23.

    Flynn, S., Satkoski, J., Lerche, N., Kanthaswamy, S., Smith, D.G.. (2009) Genetic variation at the TNF-α promoter and malaria susceptibility in rhesus (Macaca mulatta) and long-tailed (Macaca fascicularis) macaques. Journal of Infection, Genetics and Evolution, 9(5):769-77.

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Tom, B.K., Mattila, A-M., Johnston, E., Dayton, M., Kinaga, J., Erickson, B., J-A., Halverson, J., Fantin, D., DeNise, S., Kou, A., Malladi, V., Satkoski, J., Budowle, B., Smith, D.G., Koskinen, M.T. (2009). Canine Population Data Generated from a Multiplex STR Kit for Use in Forensic Casework. Journal of Forensic Science, 54 (4) 829 – 840. DOI 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2009.01080.x

    Dayton MR, Koskinen MT, Tom BK, Mattila A-M, Johnston E, Halverson J, Fantin D, DeNise S, Budowle B, Smith DG, Sreetharan Kanthaswamy (2009). Developmental Validation of an STR Reagent Kit for Forensic DNA Profiling of Canine Biological Material. Croatioan Medical Journal 50(3) 268-285. DOI 103325/CMJ.2009. 50. 268.

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy (2009). The Development and Validation of a Standardized Canine STR Panel for Use in Forensic Casework (NIJ Grant No. 2004-DN-BX-K007 Final Report). National Institute of Justice (NIJ) National Criminal Justice Reference Service.

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Gill, L., Satkoski, J., Goyal, V., Malladi, V., Kou, A., Basuta, K., Sarkisyan, L., George, D. and Smith, D.G. (2009).The Development of a Chinese-Indian Hybrid (Chindian) Rhesus Macaque Colony at the California National Primate Research Center (CNPRC) by Introgression. Journal of Medical Primatology (Cover page article), 38(2):86-96. Epub 2008 Aug 18. DOI 10.1111/j.1600-0684.2008.00305.x.

    2008 Publications

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Satkoski, J., George, D., Kou, A., Erickson, B. J-A, and Smith, D.G. (2008). Interspecies hybridization and the stratification of nuclear genetic variation of rhesus (Macaca mulatta) and long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis). International Journal of Primatology, 29:1295–1311. DOI 10.1007/s10764-008-9295-0.

    Baute, D. T., Satkoski, J.A., Spear, T.F., Smith, D. G., Dayton, M. R., Malladi, V. S. Goyal, V. Kinaga J. L. and Sreetharan Kanthaswamy (2008). Analysis of Forensic SNPs in the Canine mtDNA HVI Mutational Hotspot Region. Journal of Forensic Science, 53:1325-1333. DOI 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2008.00880.x.

    Satkoski, J. A. Malhi, R. S., Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Tito, R.Y. Malladi, V. S. and Smith, D. G. (2008). Pyrosequencing as a method for SNP identification in the Rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta). BMC Genomics, 9:256.

    Satkoski, J., George, D., Smith, D. G. and Sreetharan Kanthaswamy (2008). Genetic Characterization of Wild and Captive Rhesus Macaques in China. Journal of Medical Primatology, 37:67-80.

    Himmelberger, A. L., Spear, T. F., Satkoski, J. A., George, D. A., Garnica, W. T., Malladi, V.S., Smith, D. G., Allard M. W. and Sreetharan Kanthaswamy (2008). Forensic utility of the mitochondrial hypervariable 1 region of domestic dogs, in conjunction with breed and geographic information. Journal of Forensic Science, 53:81-89.

    2007 Publications

    Malhi, R. S., Sickler, B., Lin, D., Satkoski, J., Tito, R., George, D., Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Smith, D. G. (2007). MamuSNP: A resource for rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) genomics. PLoSONE 2: e438 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0000438.

    Evans, J. J., Wictum, E. J., Penedo, M. C. T. and Sreetharan Kanthaswamy (2007). Real-Time PCR Quantification of Canine DNA. Journal of Forensic Science, 52: 93 - 96.

    2006 Publications

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Kurushima, J. D. and Smith, D. G. (2006). Inferring Pongo Conservation Units - A Perspective based on Microsatellite and mtDNA Analyses. Primates. 47: 310 - 321.

    Smith, D. G., George, D., Sreetharan Kanthaswamy and McDonough, J. (2006). Genetic tests to verify the country of origin of, and level of admixture between, Indian and Chinese rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). International Journal of Primatology. 27: 881 - 898.

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Von Dollen, A. Kurushima, J. D., Alminas, O., Rogers, J., Ferguson, B., Lerche, N. W., Allen, P. C. and Smith, D. G. (2006). Microsatellite Markers for Standardized Genetic Management of Captive Colonies of Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta). American Journal of Primatology, 68: 73 - 95.

    Publications from 2005 and prior

    Budowle, B., Garofano, P., Hellman, A., Ketchum, M., Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Parsons, W., van Haeringen, W., Fain, S. and Broad, T. (2005). Recommendations for Animal DNA Forensic Identity Testing. International Journal of Legal Medicine. 119: 295 - 302.

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy and Smith, D. G. (2005). Genetic management of non-human primate centers. A perspective on captive rhesus macaque colonies. In: National Center for Primate Breeding and Research: Vision, Challenges and Opportunities, Puri, C. P. and Ganguly, N. K. (eds.), National Institute for Research in Reproductive Heath Publication, Mumbai, India.

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy and Smith, D. G. (2004). Effects of geographic origins on captive Macaca mulatta mtDNA variation. Journal of Comparative Medicine, 54(2): 166 - 174.

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy and Smith, D.G. (2002). Population subdivision and gene flow among wild orangutans. Primates, 43(4): 315 - 327.

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy and Smith, D.G. (2002). Assessment of genetic management at three captive specific-pathogen-free rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) colonies. Journal of Comparative Medicine, 52(5): 414 - 423.

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Bininda-Emonds, O.R.P., Warden, C., Viray, J.L., and Smith, D.G. (2001). Use of SSR fragment length homozygotes to study systematics of the Bornean and Sumatran Orangutan. Primates, 42(1): 35 - 45.

    Smith, D.G., Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Viray, J., and Cody, L. (2000). Additional highly polymorphic (STR) loci for estimating kinship in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). American Journal of Primatology, 50: 1-7.

    Smith, D.G., Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Disbrow, M. and Wagner, J.L. (1999). Reconstruction of parentage in a band of captive hamadryas baboons. International Journal of Primatology, 20(3): 415 – 429.

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Ely, J.J. and Smith, D.G. (1998). Simple sequence repeat polymorphisms for wild and captive orangutan conservation management. In: All Apes Great and Small, Vol. 2 - Asian Apes, Galdikas, B., Briggs, N., Sheeran, L., Shapiro, G., Goodall, J. (eds.), Kluver, NY, USA.

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy and Smith, D.G. (1998). Use of microsatellite polymorphisms for paternity exclusion in rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta). Primates, 39(2): 135-145.

    Morin, P.A., Sreetharan Kanthaswamy and Smith, D.G. (1997). Simple sequence repeat, SSR, polymorphisms for colony management and population genetics in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). American Journal of Primatology, 42:199 – 213.

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Mukherjee, T.K., Halbeisen, C. und Leopold, S. (1995). Erbgang der Carbonanhydrase, Esterase D, Malatdehydrogenase und Malicenzym in Wasserbuffeln Sudostasiens. Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, 112, 156-159. Blackwell Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin. ISSN 0931-2668.

    Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Mukherjee, T.K., Tan, S.G., Selvaraj, O.S. and Barker, J.S.F. (1994). Genetic studies of water buffalo markers II. Carbonic anhydrase, esterase D, malate dehydrogenase, malic enzyme. Biochemical Genetics. 32: (1/2) 35-38.