Ernest M. Gifford

Position Title
(In Memoriam) Professor Emeritus

Department of Plant Biology, College of Biological Sciences


Research Interests

Anatomy and development of vegetative and reproductive shoots of flowering plants. Root and shoot apical meristems of ferns and other lower vascular plants.


  • 1942 BA Botany University of California, Berkeley
  • 1950 PhD Botany University of California, Berkeley


Friedman WE and EM Gifford. 1997. Development of the male gametophyte of Ginkgo biloba. In: Ginkgo biloba--a global treasure. New York: Springer-Verlag:

Gifford EM. 1993. The root apical meristem of Equisetum diffusum-structure and development. American Journal of Botany. 80:468-473

Jernstedt JA, EG Cutter, EM Gifford, and P Lu. 1992. Angle meristem origin and development in Selaginella martensii. Annals of Botany. 69:351-363